Marcus Garvey was not an Orthodox or any other Christian that I know of. Yet, this forefather of Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism provides a couple of doorways for African-Americans to leave the confines of Protestantism and dive into the deep waters of Orthodoxy.
Garvey was a direct influence on the African Orthodox Church. Bishop George Alexander McGuire, a former Anglican pastor from the West Indies and ally of Garvey, sought the creation of a Christian church headed by black clergy with roots going back to the origins of the faith. A Kenyan and two Ugandan clergymen became members of the AOC in their homelands and began seeking a connection with the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria. Their churches became a part of the Eastern Orthodox Church in the late 1940’s. In particular, the Church in Kenya faced bitter opposition from the British colonial government in the 1950’s. The Archbishop…
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